Corruption in political Parties, State and Laws

Administrative/bureaucratic corruption is not the same thing as political corruption. A corrupt president, government minister, or ruling political party is a distinct sort of issue than, say, a schoolteacher or nurse who receives bribes to provide services. The problem with political corruption is that it serves a purpose other than greed, wealth-inequality, and self-enrichment, which is keeping the regime in place and afloat. Political corruption not only provides the motive for controlling the state but also helps to maintain control of the state.

A second, more important cause stems from the fact that the rulers will have no political will to combat political corruption since it provides them with money and power. If the rulers wish to eliminate bureaucratic corruption, they can do so if they have the required willpower.

Both Heywood and the Routledge Handbook of Political Corruption (2015) overlook this distinction.‘Conflicts of interest, misuse of office, lobbying, and abuse of public information are all as likely to take on corrupt forms as traditional ones such as bribery and embezzlement.

Two Basic Forms of Political Corruption

Inter-related forms of political corruption (extractive):

Excessively severe punishments for the purpose of money and position are typical in extractive political systems. It is extractive when political power-holders get richer, their families and relatives, political pals and allies, and governing parties and governments. Corruption is a form of abuse of power, often referred to as ‘pushing money through’ it. Embezzlement, economic crime, “privatizations,” and crony capitalism (favoring their own enterprises) are all techniques that fall under this category (taking bribes in public procurement).

Power-preserving forms of political corruption:

Power-preserving political corruption, on the other hand, is more focused on maintaining and/or strengthening power holders’ control over politics. It is when they use (reinvest) their criminally obtained assets and other resources in unethical ways to maintain and extend their power position. It’s one of several varieties of power abuse utilized to retain power, which is often coupled with (or prior to) the use of force, intimidation, coercion, and election manipulation.

Political Corruption

In social science, the term “corruption” is a popular and abused one that is frequently associated with a wide range of illicit and/or contemptible social actions as well as several human activities regarded as undesirable or bad.

The World Bank has a thumb-rule definition of corruption that states it is “the use of public power for personal gain” (World Bank 1997: 8).

The shared characteristic is that there is almost always a government official or politician at the center, those who exercise public authority. They are making a “private benefit” of it; they are taking something, large or little.

On the other side of the corrupt act is a non-public actor, which may be a private business (a corporation, contractor), a private citizen (as a user of public services, taxpayer, and so on), a civil society organization, or any other non-public entity.

Grand corruption, according to Moody-Stuart (1997), ‘takes place at the pinnacle of government and involves major government initiatives and programs.’

Although the distinction between political and administrative corruption is not fully accurate, there are grey areas of bureaucratic discretion, vague responsibilities, and the perennial principal-agent problem.

Manipulation of Institutions

Power thieves may secure their grasp by bribing officials in public institutions of accountability and control. They may buy parliamentary majorities and favorable laws, as well as win favorable judgments and lessen tight controls from a variety of control bodies (ombudsmen, comptrollers, auditors, prosecutors). Even excellent election commissioners’ and high courts’ decisions have been purchased.

Another approach to preserve political corruption through power is the purchase of legal impunity. Glaeser et al.According to Decker (2002: 199, 213–14), in many nations the operation of legal, political, and regulatory institutions is being corrupted by the wealthy and politically strong for their own advantage. The tale of how crony capitalism emerged in Yeltsin’s Russia as a result of the subversion of political and legal institutions is told.

Implications For Research And Action

The difference between political and administrative corruption has implications for research and analysis, as well as anti-corruption efforts. We feel that by making a distinction, we will be able to better understand some of the causes of the poor record of anti-corruption operations. According to Marquette and Peiffer, anti-corruption efforts are based on a theoretical misconception of corruption’s essence.

At the implementation end of politics, where civil servants interact with the public, bureaucratic corruption occurs. As a result, opinion surveys, scorecards, and other direct reporting methods can provide good data on the extent and mechanism of official corruption. If you want to accurately understand bureaucratic corruption and measure it, good survey data beats all other sources of information.

Another option is to utilize the ‘red flags’ approach to public procurement. The red flags are signals identified in the literature as linked with institutionalized corruption that should be avoided. Many of these are quantifiable, such as a very quick submitting period, single bids (which indicate a lack of competition and closed access), and contract performance at a price far greater than the original deal.

George Mandell

George Mandell Consultant: Public Policy, Political Campaigns. Conservative / Liberal. I believe conservative principles: Clean air, water and land; healthy and sufficient food; safe and healthy housing; health care; education, opportunity and hope are necessary requirements for human life. Democrats are on-pace to lose the 2022 Midterms. Strategy: Cut taxes for the many, tax the ultra wealthy more. Improve faith in government by making taxation more fair and progressive - those who have more should pay more in taxes. Gun control: Treat guns like cars. Cars can be weapons too and cause loss of lives.

This Post Has 2 Comments

  1. corrupt

    My brother reϲommendeⅾ I might like this blog.
    He was entirely right. This post truly made my ԁay. You cann’t imagine simply how much timе I
    had spent foг this іnformation! Thanks!

Comments are closed.