What is Public Policy?

The study of public policy, then, maybe approached from several angles. It’s helpful to think about public policy as the government’s broad plan for performing its duties. More formally, it is a relatively permanent set of purposeful governmental actions that address issues of concern to some segment of society. Most policy outcomes, on the other hand, are the result of years of debate, bargaining, and refinement that occur behind the scenes and are only finalized after input from several government departments as well as interest groups and the public.
Public policy, in addition to being considerate and generally consistent, entails problems that concern a significant portion of the population rather than issues that just interest a few people or a tiny group. Governments frequently interact with individual actors such as citizens, corporations, or other nations.
However, only those issues that are of concern to a larger portion of society or that have an impact on society as a whole are addressed by public policy. Paying off the loan of a particular person would not be public policy, but devising a method for debt forgiveness open to specific sorts of borrowers (such as those who become teachers) would certainly reach the level of public policy.
The actions and outcomes that government action produces are also part of public policy, which is defined as “the broader paradigm in which governments act.” There are various types of policies.
For example, much of the debate about gun safety legislation in the United States has been about Congress’ refusal to act, even in the face of broad public support for certain changes. In fact, the most recent significant change occurred in 2004, when lawmakers’ inaction resulted in the expiration of a piece of legislation known as the Federal Assault Weapons Ban (1994).

Regulatory Public Policy

What is the best way to describe the public policy, specifically regulatory public policy? This is a term used to define the fundamental principles that go into creating regulations and laws.

  • This is an instance of a public policy resolution when courts refuse to enforce contracts pertaining to unlawful activity, such as refusing to enforce a prostitution agreement or a bargain for stolen goods.
  • When legislators enact legislation like the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (VAWA), it establishes public policy. It demonstrates that women’s safety is a high priority.
  • When a state adopts stringent limitations on abortion, it is implying that the government supports pro-life public policy policies focused on beliefs about when life begins and the rights of unborn children.
  • When courts and legislatures determine to legalize same-sex marriage or make it legal, they’ll consider existing rules and how they’re interpreted, as well as the necessity for new legislation. They’ll evaluate what they feel is good for the general public, as well as cultural attitudes on the matter.

Constituent Public Policy

Constituent public policy is the study of public policy in relation to a government’s structure.

  • The creation of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in 2002 was a public policy commitment to counter-terrorism within the country’s borders.
  • The Administrative Procedure Act (APA) of 1946 is an example of public policy that derives from individual constituents. This legislation sets out the rules that federal regulatory bodies must follow when formulating, proposing, and implementing new regulations.
  • The Works Progress Administration was established in 1935 as part of the New Deal by the United States to put individuals back to work in government jobs following the Great Depression.

Distributive Public Policy

In contrast, public policy that focuses on the use of government funds to provide for public goods or services is distributive in nature. In general, distributive public policy has the potential to benefit a wide range of people and organizations.

  • The way the US federal government handled Covid-19 vaccines is an example of distributive public policy. This is why all people who want a vaccine are entitled to one at no cost.
  • This is an example of distributive public policy when the US government allots funds to the Department of Transportation (DOT), which are then dispersed to the states, for construction and upkeep of roads and bridges.

Redistributive Public Policy

Redistributive public policy refers to policies implemented by governments that seek to benefit a particular group within society.

  • The American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 included several measures designed to provide relief to those who experienced economic injury due to the COFID-19 pandemic.
  • Redistributive public policy is the study of programs that provide financial assistance to people or families who need it.
  • The Department of Education’s (DOE) grants and loans to students based on financial need are examples of redistributive public policy.
  • When a progressive tax system is implemented, it is based on public policy, which implies that those who make more money should contribute more to the system and those who have less money should pay less into the system.
  • This is a public policy concept based on the idea of trickle-down economics, as federal tax rates are lowered for businesses and wealthy individuals.

Policy analysts like George Mandell utilize their imperfect tools to empower some groups rather than others, thus undermining the democratic process. The analytical and policy-making tasks both reside in these dynamics of choosing which problem to address, what constitutes a solution, and who to serve.

George Mandell

George Mandell Launching 2nd career in Public Policy after 25+ years in mortgage banking. - Trying to give back and make things right. Completed MPA degree in 2017. I would like to work for the Biden-Harris Administration Digital Information Team, The Meidas Touch, the DNC, or others of similar viewpoints. Battling Republican disinformation, corruption, and conspiracy theories are critical to winning the 2022 Midterms. So Democrats can Build Back Better. And not have the USA slide backward under Republican leadership.

This Post Has 6 Comments

  1. קמגרה

    Everything is very open with a precise clarification of the challenges. It was really informative. Your website is useful. Thanks for sharing!

    1. George Mandell

      Thanks very much!

    1. George Mandell

      Thanks very much!

  2. www.xmc.pl

    Sometimes seeing another person’s point of light enlighten my very own vision. I’m not going to going to say what everybody else has already stated, however i must say, I cant believe how a lot of this I just wasnt aware of .Thanks for publishing more info to this matter for us.

  3. Thank you for this blog. Thats all I can say. You most positively have created this blog into something thats eye gap and necessary. You clearly grasp most regarding the topic, youve lined such a lot of bases. nice stuff from this a part of the net. Again, thanks for this blog.

Leave a Reply